The story of Singapore is one of trials, tribulation and triumph. In a short span of just over 54 years, it has evolved from a colony to a city-state with a unique identity, forged by a spirit of never settling. It is this spirit that is imbued into the architectural wonders, lush parks, proud heritage, world-class attractions and amazing food of the cosmopolitan metropolis one sees today. Still, Singapore remains much more than the sum of its numerous attractions and high-rise buildings. It is constantly evolving, reinventing, and reimagining itself as a dynamic city.
With a land area of approximately 710 square kilometers, Singapore is one of the smallest countries in the world, and the smallest in the region – hence the moniker “The Little Red Dot.” It is also one of the densest cities in the world, with 5.7 million people living on the island.
Singapore has a tropical rainforest climate with no distinctive seasons, uniform temperature and pressure, high humidity, and abundant rainfall. Temperatures usually range from 22 to 35 °C (72 to 95 °F). While temperature does not vary greatly throughout the year, there is a wetter monsoon season from November to January.
There are four major races in Singapore – Chinese, Malay, Indian and Eurasian – with a growing proportion of citizens who are mixed-race and from other ethnicities. While Malay is the national language, English is used as the official business language, and most Singaporeans take a second language that is his/her mother tongue. If one listens closely to conversations between Singaporeans, one would find that the local language is greatly influenced by many languages and dialects.
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